13 Negative Impacts Too Much Sugar ConsumingKesehatan UMUM
15 Negative Impacts Too Much Sugar Consuming
Sugar - How much do you consume sugar? Even one pack of M & M chocolate has exceeded the standard sugar consumption each day. This is in line with the new WHO guidelines.
WHO recommends that every human being should be no more than 10% in consuming sugar every day, but now the world food agency has lowered it by 5%. For an average healthy adult, that means 25 grams, or about six teaspoons of sugar per day.
A spoon of sugar in coffee or half a cup of ice cream will not affect the sugar levels in your body. On average in America everyone consumes 22 tablespoons of sugar per day. That's almost four times that of the WHO's new guidelines.
Though chronic diseases caused by consuming too much sugar have been discussed since the first. Early in 1957, John Yudkin, a professor of nutrition at Queen Elizabeth College in London, began arguing that heart disease and other chronic diseases were the result of sugar levels in the body.
So what is the negative impact on your body when you have consumed a lot of sugar? Here's an explanation.
1. Tooth cavity
Believe dentist that excess sugar is not good for dental health. Another study on sugar was also held in 1967 which mentions the destruction of dental cavities in the resulting sugar. The relationship between the tooth cavity and the sugar is, when the bacteria attached to the tooth eat the sugar that is also still attached to the tooth, the bacteria will decay then create acid that destroys tooth enamel "Anahad O'Connor explained to The New York Times. one of the main causes of tooth decay.
Source: Journal of the American Dental Association, 2009; ISRN Dentistry, 2013; International Dental Journal, 2013
2. Insulin Resistance
When consuming a lot of sugar, the body will also produce the hormone insulin. Insulin is a hormone that helps convert food into energy for everyday activities. When insulin levels are consistently high in normal body condition, when the excess sugar levels the hormone production sensitivity decreases, and glucose will accumulate in the blood. It is called ' insulin resistance '. Usually the patient will experience fatigue, hunger, brain fog, and high blood pressure. It is also associated with excess body weight in the middle of the body. However, most people do not realize that their insulin is not producing well so that the name ' full blown diabetes ' causes a more severe disease.
Source: The American Journal of Cardiology, 1999; American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2002;Nutrition & Metabolism, 2005
In 1988 to 2008, the prevalence of diabetes in the US increased by 128%. Diabetes now affects about 25 million people in the United States or about 8.3% of the population.
One study followed 51,603 women in 1991 to 1999, found an increased risk of diabetes among those who consumed sweet muniman (tea, soda drinks, energy drinks, etc.). As well as previous research results involving 310,819 participants support the results, then concluded that drinking a lot of soda not only causes weight gain, but causes your diabetes to type 2 diabetes.
Controlling portions is very important when you consume sugar. "The duration and the level of sugar consumption correlated significantly with the prevalence of diabetes ... while decreased sugar consumption correlated with a significant reduction in the level of diabetes" - which was then concluded in 175 countries that frequent feeding can lead to diabetes.
Source: JAMA, 2004; Diabetes Care, 2010; PLOS ONE, 2013
Obesity is one of the highest risks. Just one can of soda each day can add 15 pounds or the equivalent of 6.8 kg of body weight in one year, so one can of soda can cause obesity, as the JAMA study did.
Sugar may increase the risk of obesity directly, but diabetes can also cause the same. And soft drinks are drinks that damage organs other than other sweet drinks.
"The complexity of our food supply and the behavior of food intake, and how diet is related to other behaviors, makes the acquisition of clear and consistent scientific data on the topic of certain dietary factors and the risk of obesity particularly elusive," concluded one of the results of a 2006 study. However, More recent research warns, "we must avoid the trap of waiting for absolute evidence before allowing public health measures to be taken."
Source: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2004; JAMA, 2004; International Journal of Obesity, 2006; Obesity Reviews, 2013
5. Failure of the Working System of the Heart
Because of the unique way we metabolize fructose, it creates a stress response in the liver that can aggravate the condition. High sugar doses can make the liver overdrive. That is one reason fructose excess is the development of fatty liver disease, in which fat accumulates in the liver without any alcohol abuse.
People with conditions of liver failure, have been diagnosed that their soda intake is twice as much as the normal person's soda intake. Most are not up to complications and some do not realize that has had this disease. But in some people, fat accumulation can cause scarring in the liver and eventually develop into a disease of liver failure.
Source: Journal of Hepatology, 2007; Journal of Hepatology, 2008; World Journal of Gastroenterology, 2013
6. Pancreatic Cancer
A number of studies have found that a high-sugar diet is associated with a slightly higher risk of pancreatic cancer. Cancer pakreas is one of the most deadly cancers in the world. Obesity and diabetes can increase a person's likelihood of contracting pancreatic cancer. However, one large study published in the International Journal of Cancer denied a link between increased sugar intake and increased cancer risk, so further research is needed.
Source: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 2002; The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2006;Annals of Oncology, 2012; International Journal of Cancer, 2012; Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity, 2012
7. Kidney Disease
The interim conclusion that soda and excess sugar can cause kidney disease. "The findings suggest that sugary sugary consumption may cause kidney damage," concluded one study of 9,358 adults. (Only in those who drink two or more soda per day) Mice fed an excessive sugary soda on a high-sugar diet, causing an enlarged and damaged kidney.
Source: PLOS ONE, 2008; Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2010; Renal Physiology, 2011;Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, 2013
8. High Blood Pressure
Hypertension is usually associated with salty foods, not desserts, but consuming a lot of extra sugar can indeed cause high blood pressure. In one subsequent study, 4,528 adults without a history of hypertension, consumed 74 or more grams of sugar daily and their high blood pressure rose.
In another very small study of only 15 people, researchers found that drinking 60 grams of fructose led to high blood pressure after two hours. This study may be related to the fact that digesting fructose can produce uric acid, but as one meta-analysis of data concludes -, so a larger study needs to be done
Source: Hypertension, 2001; American Journal of Physiology, 2008; Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 2010; Hypertension, 2012; Hypertension, 2012
9. Heart Disease
Heart disease may not get as much attention as cancer and AIDS, but heart disease is the number one cause of death in the United States. While smoking and lifestyle has long been recognized as a major factor.Conditions associated with excessive sugar consumption, such as diabetes and overweight risk factors, are also known for heart disease, and recent research has shown that eating too much sugar can lead to heart disease, especially if you're a woman.
In one study of mice against high blood pressure was the fastest-coming heart failure when they were fed a high-sugar diet (when compared to high starch and high-fat diets). And a CDC study of 11,733 adults concluded "there was a significant relationship between excess sugar consumption and increased risk of CVD [cardiovascular disease] to death". When the study participants received 17% to 21% of their daily calories from sugar, 38% more died from heart disease than participants who had an 8% sugar intake in their daily lives.
Source: Journal of Hypertension, 2008; American Journal of Cardiology, 2012; JAMA Internal Medicine, 2014
Not all doctors agree with the word "food addiction." When you've read a diet book, it may be natural, and there is evidence that rats may become dependent on sugar, so there is no possibility that humans will behave in the same way.
"In some circumstances, intermittent sugar access may lead to neurochemical behavior and changes that mimic the effects of substance abuse in the body," notes one study that found mice with a very large diet.
Source: Obesity, 2002; Behavioral Neuroscience, 2005; Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2007;Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 2008; Appetite, 2011
11. Cognitive Decline
Obesity and diabetes are factors of cognitive decline and Alzheimer's, so it is not surprising that researchers began to find a link between excess sugar and cognitive conditions. But the reason for the possible link between high-sugar diets and dementia remains unclear.
Is there a relationship with diet? What is the relationship between diabetes and Alzheimer's? One recent study found mice that have a diet high in fat and sugar can be emotionally boring passion and contribute to memory impairment.
Source: American Journal of Alzheimer's, 2009; Journal of Gerontology, 2010; Behavioral Neuroscience, 2011; Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care, 2013; Nutrition Journal, 2013;Behavioral Neuroscience, 2013
12. Unbalanced Nutrition
"High-sugar foods replace whole foods (for example, soft drinks substitute milk and juice consumption in children) and play a role in malnutrition symptoms," notes a study from the American Heart Association. In a study of 568 10-year-olds, if increased sugar intake, important nutritional intake decreased. And in a 1999 study, researchers from the US Department of Agriculture found that when people got 18% or more of their sugar calories, they were still less intake of folate, calcium, iron, vitamin A, and vitamin C.
Source: Family Economics and Nutrition Review, 1999; Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 1998; Circulation, 2002; American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2003
13. Gout Disease
Gout is a disease in which the wrist joints swell, the most common type in the public known is gout arthritis. Gout has a level called purine, and when your body is resting they go down, producing uric acid.The buildup of uric acid is what often causes gout.
Uric acid is also the result of fructose metabolism, and is now a new study that says that too much sugar can cause Gout's disease. "The consumption of sweetened sugary soft drinks and fructose is closely linked to the risk of gout in men" concludes the 2008 study with thousands of patients conducted over a decade.