Puasa yang Dianjurkan di Bulan Rajab

Puasa yang Dianjurkan di Bulan Rajab

Puasa yang Dianjurkan di Bulan Rajab


Fatwa Al-Allamah Muhammad bin Shalih Al’-Ustaimin rahimahullah

● Pertanyaan:
Apa hukum mengkhususkan bulan Rajab dengan ibadah umrah, puasa atau amalan shalih tertentu lainnya? 
Apakah bulan Rajab memiliki keistimewaan diantara bulan-bulan haram lainnya?

● Jawab:
Bulan Rajab tidaklah memiliki keistimewaan diantara bulan-bulan haram lainnya. Hendaknya tidak mngkhususkan bulan Rajab dengan ibadah tertentu baik umrah,  puasa,  shalat ataupun membaca Al Qur’an. Bulan Rajab sebagaimana bulan-bulan haram lainnya. Adapun hadis-hadis yang menyebutkan tentang keutamaan shalat di bulan Rajab,  puasa di bulan Rajab maka seluruhnya hadis lemah, tidak bisa dijadikan sandaran hukum syari’at. (Silsilah Al Liqa Asy Syahri No. 32)

● Puasa apa yang dianjurkan di bulan Rajab?

• Puasa yang dianjurkan di bulan Rajab sama seperti bulan-bulan lainnya. Di antaranya:
1. Puasa senin kamis.
2. Puasa tengah bulan setiap tanggal 13,14 dan15 bulan hijriyah.
3. Puasa Dawud.

• Adapun shalat sunnah yang dianjurkan di bulan Rajab juga sama dengan shalat sunnah di bulan-bulan lainnya. Di antaranya:
1. Shalat Tahajjud.
2. Shalat sunnah rawatib.
3. Shalat Dhuha dll.

● Lalu apa yang spesial?

Amal shalih  yang dilakukan di bulan-bulan haram (Rajab,  Muharram, Dzulqoidah,  Dzulhijjah) akan dilipatkan gandakan pahalanya oleh Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala.

• Firman Allah Ta’ala,

فَلا تَظْلِمُوا فِيْهِنَّ أَنْفُسَكُمْ

“Maka janganlah kamu menganiaya diri kamu di bulan yang empat itu.” (Qs. At-Taubah:36)

• Ibnu Abbas radhiyallahu’anhuma berkomentar tentang ayat di atas,

في كلهن ثم اختص من ذلك أربعة أشهر فجعلهن حراماً وعظّم حرماتهن، وجعل الذنب فيهن أعظم، والعمل الصالح والأجر أعظم

“Artinya janganlah kalian berbuat aniaya di seluruh bulan. Kemudian Allah mengkhususkan empat bulan tersebut dan menjadikannya bulan haram (berperang) serta mengagungkan kesucian bulan tersebut. Dia menjadikan perbuatan dosa yang dilakukan pada bulan-bulan tersebut lebih besar dosanya. Dan melipat gandakan pahala amalan shalih yang dikerjakan di bulan-bulan tersebut. (Tafsir Ibn Katsiir)

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Sumber: Tathbiq Fatawa Ibn Utsaimin Lianduruwid

Diterjemahka dengan sedikit tambahan oleh Tim Penerjemah wanitasalihah.com


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